Higher education in India lags behind China
As we look into Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) -2011 list, from India, 111 institutions appear in the SIR 2011 list, of which 85 (77%) are in higher education and from China, 285 institutions make the list, and of which 240 (84%) are in higher education. These statistics clearly indicate that the Chinese higher education system is nearly three times the size of the Indian system. In total, Indian scientific output is smaller than the Chinese output.
Most of these rankings look at research output and select their own variables.
Indian institutes under top 1000: